The Società Italiana di Musicologia was founded in Milan, at the Giuseppe Verdi Conservatory, on February 29, 1964, as an ideal continuation of the earlier Associazione dei Musicologi Italiani (1908-1942). Guglielmo Barblan was its first elected chairperson. Its first two years were devoted to launching two publications: its house organ, the Rivista Italiana di Musicologia (RIdM), followed by a series called Quaderni della Rivista Italiana di Musicologia.